Is school uniform necessary?
Within a few past weeks, there was a interesting topic discussed by many students in Indonesia that is government plans to abandon the use of school uniform. I think school uniform is a must. There are some reasons why the school uniform must be implemented at school.
Firstly, school uniform is an identity. As in the army, we can differentiate between army, navy, air force and police squad just from the uniform they wear. School uniform is too. We can identify whether she/he is a kindergarten boy, an elementary school girls, a band of junior high school boys or a group of senior high school girls from their uniform.
Secondly, school uniform gives us such a feeling of togetherness. The students who come from rich families are not too different from the students who come from the poor ones. The uniform will erase the gab between the rich and the poor. So, the learning atmosphere will not be disturb by inferiority feeling from the have not students because they can’t wear an expensive outfits.
I think the government should cancel the plan due to the social condition of our nations which is in collapse. School uniform is still badly needed to unify the students at school.
1. What issue discussed in the text?
a. the abandon of the use of army uniform
b. the abandon of the use of navy uniform
c. the abandon of the use or air force uniform
d. the abandon of the use of police uniform
e. the abandon of the use of school uniform
2. What is the function of uniform?
a. to give identity
b. to give number
c. to give togetherness
d. to give inferiority feeling
e. to give superiority feeling
3. “…because they can’t wear an expensive outfits” (prg 3).
What does the word “they” refers to …
a. rich students d. shoes
b. poor students e. policeman
c. army men
4. “…because they can’t wear an espensive outfits” (prg. 3)
what does the synonym of the word “outfits”?
a. jewelry d. shoes
b. automobile e. houses
5. what is the purpose of the text?
a. to persuade the reader or listener that something should or should not be the case
b. to persuade the reader or listener that something is the case
c. to inform readers, listeners or viewers about events of the day which considered newsworthy
d. to share with others an account of an unusual or amusing incident
e. to explain the processes involved in the formation or workings of natural or socio cultural phenomena
Answer the following question bases on the text above !.
1. How many arguments of the text ! Mention them!.
2. What does the governement recommend about school uniform!
3. Explain the function of wearing school uniform !.
A Campaign of the Importance of Reading
Reading habit is poor among Indonesians because most people haven’t realized the importance of reading
Reading is important to transform knowledge and technology. By reading, one knows the world. He or she will understand what he doesn’t see by himself or herself. The lines of the paragraphs in an article contain pieces of knowledge. The knowledge is needed to improve the quality of human’s life. Technology transformation from other country can only be done by reading a lot various sources of literature. Valuable books in libraries and bookstores mean nothing if they are not read.
Realizing the importance of reading will make someone motivated to read. When we know that something is very important because it can give us valuable information, we will try to get or do the thing. For example, a businessman who always follows latest information or news, will know what to do in his/ her business. He will make a good decision to make a transaction. Most people in all developed countries have realized the importance or reading and they have good reading habits. In bus and train stations, vehicles, waiting rooms, parks, people like reading. They enjoy reading which gives them valuable knowledge and inspiration.
A good understanding toward the importance of reading can be achieved by well organized and effective campaign. To plant an understanding in a generation’s minds is not an easy job. It needs a hard work from all components of the nation, especially the government. A serious campaign which is organized by the central and local government can help common people wake up and stand to face the real competition. The campaign can be done through various kinds of mass media such as TV, radio, booklets, bulletins, newspapers, magazines. It can also be conducted by teachers, parents and all people who care.
Therefore, a nation-wide effective campaign of the importance of reading by all components of the nation should be done, facilitated by the government, to face the tighter competition. The world has forced globalization. Those people with little knowledge will be left behind. To speed up the better change in this country, a good reading habit is really important.
Pay attention of stepss below!.
1. Rewrite the text above !.
2. Decide the generic structure of the text using your own sentences !.
3. Give a summary of the text above using Indonesian sentences !.
4. Do it in group consist of 3 students !.
Text types is gneralized in two kinds; fiction and no-fiction. Fiction will be close relating to literature while non-fiction is deal more in technical usage of daily life.
Browsing over the Internet, I find a very useful source to learn text types in non-fiction summary. They are:
1. Report text, this kind of text is to describe the way things are, give detail description as they are
2. Procedure, this instructional text is to instruct or describe how to make something or how something is done through a series of sequenced steps or phases.
3. Recount, this text tries to retell events. Commonly the events happened in the past
4. Explanation, this kind of text surely explains the process involved in nature and how something works. Explanation text is composed a lot in natural phenomena.
5. Persuasion, as its word root, persuasive text tries to argue the case for a point of view and in higher point it makes to convince and persuade readers. Persuasion text is studied in two types; analytical exposition and hortatory text.
6. Discussion, a type of text which present argument and information from different points of view. Generally discussion text is accomplished with a recommendation
7. The other types of non-fiction text such as Internet material, leaflet, interview, diary, journalistic writing, biography and autobiography can be seen at lancsngfl.ac.uk
Purpose: To explain the processes involved in the formation or working of natural or socio-cultural phenomena.
1. General statement
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using action verbs
3. Using passive voice
4. Using noun phrase
5. Using adverbial phrase
6. Using technical terms
7. Using general and abstract noun
8. Using conjunction of time and cause-effect.
What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis is a food-making process that occurs in green plants. It is the chief function of leaves. The word photosynthesis means putting together with light. Green plants use energy from light to combine carbon dioxide and water to make sugar and other chemical compounds.
How is the light used in photosynthesis?
The light used in photosynthesis is absorbed by a green pigment called chlorophyll. Each food-making cell in a plant leaf contains chlorophyll in small bodies called chloroplasts. In chloroplast, light energy causes water drawn form the soil to split into hydrogen and oxygen.
What are the steps of photosynthesis process? Let me tell you the process of photosynthesis, in a series of complicated steps, the hydrogen combines with carbon dioxide from the air, forming a simple sugar. Oxygen from the water molecules is given off in the process. From sugar together with nitrogen, sulphur, and phosporus from the soil-green plants can make starch, fat, protein, vitamins, and other complex compounds essential for life. Photosynthesis provides the chemical energy that is needed to produced these compounds.
How Cell Phones Work
A cell phone is a great gadget in this modern world. What is a cell phone? A cell phone is actually a radio in certain way. Like a radio, by a cell phone we can communicate to other people in real time. Million people use cell phone for their communication. Even nowadays, people use cell phones to communicate in voice, written and data. Alexander Graham Bell is the person who make great change in the way people communicate to each other. He invented a telephone in 1876. While wireless radio was formally known in 18994 presented by Guglielmo Marconi. By these two technologies, then a cell phone was born. However do you know how actually cell phones work?
This short explanation on how a cell phone work is really wonderful. A cell phone or in long term “cellular telephone’ works by transmitting signals of radio to towers of cellular. The towers are networked to a central switching station. The connection usually uses wire, fiber optic-cables, or microwave.
Then the central switching station which handles calls in certain given area is directed connected to the wire-based telephone system. Cellulars are pick up by the towers and relayed to another cellular telephone user or the user of wire-based telephone network.
the towers vary in the capacity and capability to receive signals. Some can receive the signal from short distance and the others can receive more distance. However, there are usually more than one tower in certain given area so that the system can handle the increasing telephone traffic.
The Water Cycle
The Water Cycle (also known as the hydrologic cycle) is the journey water takes as it circulates from the land to the sky and back again.
The Sun’s heat provides energy to evaporate water from the Earth’s surface (oceans, lakes, etc.). Plants also lose water to the air (this is called transpiration). The water vapor eventually condenses, forming tiny droplets in clouds. When the clouds meet cool air over land, precipitation (rain, sleet, or snow) is triggered, and water returns to the land (or sea). Some of the precipitation soaks into the ground. Some of the underground water is trapped between rock or clay layers; this is called groundwater. But most of the water flows downhill as runoff (above ground or underground), eventually returning to the seas as slightly salty water.
WHY ARE THE OCEANS SALTY?
As water flows through rivers, it picks up small amounts of mineral salts from the rocks and soil of the river beds. This very-slightly salty water flows into the oceans and seas. The water in the oceans only leaves by evaporating (and the freezing of polar ice), but the salt remains dissolved in the ocean – it does not evaporate. So the remaining water gets saltier and saltier as time passes.
Why Eiffel Tower was Built
If we talk about the Wonders of the World buildings, then we will see Eiffel Tower as one of them. However many of us do not know the tower’s past history on why it was built. Everything has the reasonable background, especially for the tower which is to be one of the most recognized buildings in the world.
Primarily, the Eiffel Tower was built for the World Exhibition. It was called Paris Exposition in 1889. The exhibition was organized to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. The purpose of building Eiffel Tower in such structure was to show to the world France’s advancement of technology and beauty. The Eiffel Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel. It seemed that then the name of the tower was derived from the designer’s last name, “Eiffel”
Another reason on why the tower was built was for scientific progress. Although few realized it, the Eiffel Tower would become the prominent structure in terms of science and technology. Many experiment with temperature, pressure and pendulums were performed atop the unique famous building. Additionally the Eiffel Tower was used for radio transmission tower. Many experiments were conducted atop the Eiffel Tower for radio transmission advancement. Once the Eiffel Tower was proposed to be demolished but it was spared because the tower had the promising future as a radio tower.
HABIBIE AINUN, The recent less love story
One of the most popular romantic melodrama movies by a young director, Faozan Rizal, has break record of the most watched movie in theater. The movie which based from B.J habibie’s biography “HABIBIE & AINUN”, are starring by Reza Rahardian as Habibie, and Bunga citra Lestari as Ainun.
The story of this movie, which based of BJ habibie’s biography began with the first met of Rudy Habibie and Ainun when they were in high school. As the two smartest students, their teachers and friends were often making fun of them and told her that she looked like palm sugar because she has dark skin. When they were graduated, Rudy work as an engineer from Germany and Ainun work as a pediatrician
Ainun, though she had many admirers, but the one she loved the most was only Rudy. After married a few months later at 12 May 1962, Rudy returned to Germany with his wife. The power of their love made them survived and fought until they had their established position. Bad thing appeared suddenly when a doctor told Ainun that she got ovarian cancer, fortunately she can survived. Rudy as a genius person of Indonesia had a big dream to make plane for his country. This big dream then came true. Rudy made IPTN (industri pesawat terbang nusantara) in 1974.
His career in Indonesia increased from time to time, but not easy at all, and his big dream came true through Gatotkoco in 1995. In 1998 crisis happened in Indonesia and student demanded president Soeharto to step down. Rudy then was appointed to replace Soeharto, but it was not long before people accused him of corruption until he decides not to run for president again. In all that times, Ainun was always there to support him, to be his medicine, to be his shoulder for him to lean and to cry together.
Happiness returned to their life, but unfortunately the ovarian cancer in ainun appeared again and even more severe. Until the time she couldn’t survive like before. Rudy did everything to save the life the woman he loved the most, but nothing he could do when death came.
This movie is not only showing the romance between prof. Habibie and his wife, but also showing the political condition of Indonesia at that time. Indonesia also can see how the people in Germany have a great respect to prof. Habibie, while Indonesia appointed him did corruption.
Although the acting and makeup of Reza rahardian and bunga citra lestari are great, but their body gesture when being old doesn’t fit. They only had old face but the body just like young people. And as Ainun, Bunga citra lestari doesn’t fit for the image of Java oriental woman like ainun.
Overall, this movie contains a very nice love story. By this movie, we could see that the real true love is not Romeo and Juliet who tragically suicide to keep their love to each other, but Habibie and Ainun who grew old together and separated by destiny of death. This movie is a great movie in the end of 2012, but I think this movie will get more moviegoers if release right on Valentine’s Day.
`Laskar Pelangi’: The Audacity of Hope
This is a movie adapted from a best-selling Indonesian novel. It took 40 days of filming on Belitung Island, Bangka-Belitung province. Involving 12 local actors, it reportedly cost Rp 8 billion. With all the efforts of transforming Laskar Pelangi (Rainbow Warrior) into a moving picture, will it satisfy readers’ imaginations?
Laskar Pelangi, the novel, was written by Andrea Hirata in 2005, based on his own experiences. It iss–about an inspiring teacher and her 10 students in the poverty-stricken Kampung Gantong in Belitung. The poor condition of their school building does not dampen their high spirits and hopes for a better future.
Two years later, the novel became a phenomenon in Indonesian literature. With its humanistic touch, Laskar Pelangi has sold more than 500,000 copies and has won the position of Must-Read Novel in every corner of the nation’s bookshops and media review pages. It has finally overcome the domination of teen-lit, chick-lit and even religious novels, the popular theme of today.
Andrea entrusted the filming of the story to the respected figures in the film industry, Mira Lesmana and Riza, as producer and film director. In July 2007, Mira and Riri started the pre-production, which took a year to finish. Together with the scriptwriter Salman Aristo they decided to create a different scenario for the film.
Taken from UN 1112 paket E45 45-46
Definition of Discussion
Discussion is a text which present a problematic discourse. This problem will be discussed from different viewpoints. Discussion is commonly found in philosophical, historic, and social text.
Generic Structure of Discussion
Language Feature of Discussion
Introducing category or generic participant
Using thinking verb; feel, hope, believe, etc
Using additive, contrastive, and causal connection; similarly, on the hand, however, etc
Using modalities; must, should, could, may, etc
Using adverbial of manner; deliberately, hopefully, etc
Hacking: Pro and Contra?
Do you know what a hacker is? Well, a hacker is a person who enjoys exploring the details of programmable systems on computers and they like to stretch the capability of the systems. And you know what, the activities they do in the computers are called ‘hacking’.
So, what’s the problem with ‘hacking and its hackers’? Well, the problem is whether ‘hacking and its hackers’ is legal or illegal? What I mean is that people in the world have many different views about hacking and the hackers. Some of them take sides, but many object.
To get back to what I was saying previously, let us see the positive points of a hacker, shall we? Although in most places breaking into computer systems is considered illegal, I believe that hackers don’t do anything illegal because they only want to know and try the systems. I dare to say that a hacker likes finding the strengths and the weaknesses of a computer system. They feel proud if they can find the weaknesses. So I don’t really see the crimes in this case. In addition, these hackers sometimes help the police catch the ‘white collar criminals’, such as bank robbers, money launderers, credit card forgers. For example, in 2000, the U.S. hackers caught some Singaporean hackers who made ‘Virus Love’ to break up the programs of the U.S. National Security system.
Nevertheless, those who object to the good points of a hacker say that hacking is a crime. The reason is that some hackers use their brilliant skills to break into banks and other vital institutions where they can get money, destroy information, and the worst thing is they can get secret information and sell it to another country. This is a treachery.
Take for example, in 1994, The U.S. government broke a conspiracy of computer hackers out of Majorca, Spain. These hackers were responsible for accessing and eliminating 190,000 telephone credit card numbers over computer bulletin boards in America and Europe. Seeing this fact, I don’t blame those who think negatively about hackers.
To put the whole thing in a nut shell, I personally think that hackers are not bad people with their brilliant skills. However, they could be bad because of money orientation to get the wealth. That’s just the point.
Gift Card Bring Advantages and Disadvantages
Gift cards become more popular during recent years. For example, in one season of holiday, sales reach $19 billion in United Stated and seem to grow more in the following season due to their convenience in the side of consumers and retailers.
In retailers side, gift cards bring them some benefits. Selling gift card in simply selling product. When the cards are sold, they will get benefit. Additionally, gift card tends to be a matter of image and trend which means it is not strictly influenced by the functionality. Since gift card is the trend, the sales will increase significantly.
However, there is potential disadvantages in the side of consumers. For example, itune gift cards apply process in the way of completing the shopping. they need do one step to another steps in processing the shopping. Likely, most of the steps apply time and date of validity or expiration. When certain step loose that validating date, the gift cards may be in risk. The gift card can be rejected to redeem. Again, in retailers side, producing card its self is costly. It means that there is additional cost which retailers have to pay.
In whatever thing, we need to be wise. if we can use that gift
Sbject : English Grade : XII. IA & IS
I. Answer the questions below based on the text below!
Once, a fisherman named Batara Guru Sahala lived in Batak land. Once day he caught a fish. He was surprised to find that the fish could talk. It begged Sahala to let it free. He did accordingly.
As soon as the fish was free. It changed into women. She was so beautiful that Sahala felt in love with her at once. He asked her to marry him. The women agreed to marry Sahala. However. She told him that he must never let out . He secret that he was once a fish. Sahala promised her that he could not tell anyone about it.
They were happily married, and had two daughters. Every morning Sahala went out fishing his daughter would bring him is lunch. One day however, instead of bringing the food to their father, the two girls ate it.
When Sahala knew what they had done with the meal, he got very angry. He shouten at them saying.” you behaved exactly like the daughters of a fish.
The daughters didn’t know what their mother was very annoyed. Although Sahala apologized to her later, she would not forgive him for breaking his promise.
Then the earth began to shake, and volcanoes started to erupt. The earth and formed a big hole. People said the hole became Lake Toba.
1. What is the name of a fisherman?
2. Who changed into a woman?
3. How many children did they have?
4. Why did Sahala get angry to his daughter?
5. Why did the people call the hole Lake Toba?
II. Answer the questions below based on the text below!
Facsimile, often called fax, is a way of transmitting texts and pictures over telephone lines. News services often use facsimile to send news, stories and photographs to newspaper and television stations. Banks, law firms and other businesses use facsimile to send copies of documents to clients and other organizations.
A device called a facsimile machine is used for transmitting and receiving images. Facsimile machines resemble small photocopiers. However, they are equipped with a telephone or are connected to one. To send a document, the user inserts it into the machine and dials the telephone number of the receiving fax machine. After the connection is made, an electronic scanner on the transmitting machine moves across the page and converts the image into a set of electric signals. These signals travel over the telephone line to the receiving fax machine. Then machine converts the electric signals back into an image of the original document and then prints a copy.
Some business people use small desktop fax machines or portable models at home or when they travel. A personal computer can also be used to send and receive documents if it is equipped with a special electronic circuit board called a fax board
III. Respond the following dialogue using an appropriate expression!
Farah : “Why don’t you come to the meeting?”
Rony : “ … “ ( Rejecting)
Nia : “Would you like turning on AC, please,?”
Susi : “ …” ( Accepting )
IV. Answer the question based on the advertisement below!
We are having an unforgettable holiday in Bali Island. Yesterday was wonderful as we went to Kuta Beach.
When we got up in the morning, it looked like rain. After a while the clouds disappeared and it became a sunny day. We then decided to go to Barong Dance.
First I went to Sangeh. Next I took dhuhur pray there. After that I had lunch as I was really hungry. Meanwhile, Mom and Kelly went to souvenir shop.
It rained about lunchtime but soon it was fine again.
We really enjoyed our holiday.
Bravery and honesty are a wise behaviour.
1. Batara Guru Sahala
2. A fish
3. Two daughters
4. Because his two girls ate his food
5. Because the earth began to shake, and volcanoes started to erupt. The earth formed a big hole.
Here are some suggestions for your first post.